Did you know that many Americans are battling macular degeneration? This condition, also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is pretty common, and if not treated, it may cause vision loss. At Cape Fear Eye Associates, PA, serving Fayetteville, NC, we are here to help with patient education as it can be the first line of defense against eye diseases. Here is some information on AMD to equip you with appropriate optometry and eye care information when seeking treatment.
What Is Age-Related Macular Degeneration?
This eye disease is common in senior patients. It affects the central vision when the macula — the part in the retina responsible for central vision — thins out. There are two types of AMD, namely:
- Wet AMD: This is a less common type that occurs when blood vessels grow behind the retina, resulting in macula damage. This type of AMD progresses rapidly and is known to cause severe loss of central vision.
- Dry AMD: It’s the most common type of AMD, accounting for about many of the AMD cases. Dry AMD can affect both eyes, but the rate of progression may not be rgw same in both eyes. Dry AMD occurs when small deposits (drusen) form on the retina, causing it to deteriorate over time.
Symptoms of Macular Degeneration
The symptoms experienced depend on the type of AMD. AMD is a progressive disease, meaning it worsens over time. You may notice any symptoms in the early stages, especially if both eyes are affected simultaneously. The common symptoms of dry AMD include:
- Reduction in central vision
- Trouble recognizing faces
- Visual distortion, including seeing straight lines as wavy
- Seeing blind spots in your vision
Some symptoms of wet AMD resemble those of dry AMD. Other symptoms you may encounter if you have wet AMD include:
- Hazy vision
- Dark spots in your central vision — due to the blood vessels leaking into the retina
- Rapidly progressing symptoms
How Is AMD Treated?
Treating wet AMD involves an eye doctor to help you cope with your dimming central vision. Also, an injection into the eye may help stop the growth of new blood vessels behind the retina. Your eye doctor may also prescribe vitamin supplements and recommend lifestyle changes, including quitting smoking and eating healthy.
Unfortunately, there is no known treatment for dry AMD, but an eye doctor trained in optometry can help slow its progression by using vitamins and a low-vision rehabilitation specialist.
Get Macular Degeneration Treatment and Eye Care from an Eye Doctor on Out Team Trained in Optometry
Are you battling AMD in Fayetteville, NC? We can help you live a normal life. Book an appointment with us at Cape Fear Eye Associates, PA, for eye care services. An eye doctor on our eye care team can help provide you with our optometry services to manage macular degeneration. Call us at (910) 484-2284.