Keratitis

Keratitis is a common condition that refers to inflammation in the cornea of the eye. Your cornea is a translucent piece of tissue that covers your iris and pupil. It's necessary for vision because it refracts light and allows you to see. When the cornea swells, it can be painful and affect your vision. At Cape Fear Eye Associates, PA in Fayetteville, NC, our team of eye doctors can diagnose and treat keratitis. It is important to know how to monitor your eyes for keratitis so you can get diagnosed as soon as possible and start treatment. 

Symptoms 

If you have keratitis, your eyes may appear red or feel painful. This issue can interfere with your ability to open your eyelids comfortably. You might notice excessive tearing or discharge. For some people, keratitis causes blurred vision or reduces their vision. It can also cause a sensitivity to light.

Causes 

Keratitis can come from an injury or infection. If something scratches your cornea's surface, a virus or bacterium could enter your eye and cause a corneal infection. Contacts can also grow fungi or contain bacteria. Sometimes, parasites may infect a contact. The microorganism then infects your cornea and causes inflammation. 

Bacteria and viruses, including the herpes simplex virus and gonorrhea, could contribute to keratitis. If you swim in contaminated water, such as lakes or rivers, and have a corneal problem, the microorganism could contaminate your eye and cause corneal swelling. 

Diagnosis 

Our eye doctor will ask about your symptoms and discuss your vision. During the appointment, we will conduct a thorough eye exam to view the inside of your eye and look for redness or swelling. Another portion of the exam may include a penlight exam, which consists of our practitioner shining a light into your eye and evaluating your cornea, including its reaction and size. Sometimes, we will use a colored dye to look for any ulcerations or abnormalities. 

A slit-lamp exam uses an optometric magnification device along with a light source. It allows our practitioner to view the inside of your eye and see the cornea. In some cases, our eye doctor may collect a sample of your tears to examine. The tear sample helps us determine the cause of your keratitis. 

Treatment 

If your condition is non-infectious, artificial tears may be enough to ease your discomfort. On the other hand, our experts may provide an eye patch and topical medication to combat a more serious case of keratitis. An antifungal, antiviral, or antibacterial medication may be prescribed to treat an infection. 

Schedule an Appointment

If you suspect you have keratitis, it is important to seek treatment right away. Keratitis can be very painful and can affect your vision. At Cape Fear Eye Associate, PA in Fayetteville, NC, we can treat your keratitis. To schedule an appointment, call us today.

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