Early Symptoms of Macular Dystrophy

Macular dystrophy is an eye disorder that damages the retina. It’s a common condition in older adults and one of the leading causes of vision loss in adults over 60. Thankfully, our optometry center at Cape Fear Eye Associates in Fayetteville, NC, is well equipped to detect and treat this progressive eye condition. Here is what you need to know about macular dystrophy.

Early Symptoms of Macular Dystrophy

The Macula

The cornea refracts light to the retina and lens within the eye. The macula is the central part of the retina. It isn’t large, only about 6mm across, but it is crucial for good eyesight. The macula affects the eye's central vision, color, and fine details of what we see. When the macula is damaged, it complicates normal daily activities like reading and driving.

Macular Dystrophy Explained

Macular degeneration occurs when a part of the retina called the macula becomes damaged. You might lose the ability to see little details in your central field of vision. That loss happens for far and near vision, but the side vision remains untouched. Imagine looking at an image with a blurry spot in the middle – only the outside edges are focused.


Macular dystrophy is mainly linked to genetic mutations, unlike other eye disorders that might result from medication, age, etc. The mutation of the genes breakdown your retinal cells hence causing macular dystrophy.

Early Symptoms

The following are the common symptoms of macular dystrophy:

  • Dark spots
  • Light sensitivity
  • Visual distortions
  • Difficulty in reading small font
  • Words on books and magazines seeming disappearing

With a condition like macular dystrophy, your eyesight might progressively worsen. Your vision isn’t going to vanish in a day. You might experience blurry vision and difficulty seeing in low light. If you notice these changes, it’s essential to contact our eye doctor quickly so we can evaluate your eyes.

Treating Macular Dystrophy

Sadly, macular degeneration isn’t curable. But our specialists can treat early-stage dry macular dystrophy patients. We recommend nutritional support and supplements to help increase antioxidants in your body. Some macular dystrophy patients have been helped by medication and laser treatment therapy. Others are helped by injections that boost blood vessels' growth in the eyes.

Contact Our Optometry in Fayetteville, NC

There isn’t a cure for macular dystrophy, but there are techniques to slow its progressive nature and enhance your eyesight. At Cape Fear Eye Associates in Fayetteville, NC, we’ll help you manage this condition. Our eye doctor will perform an eye exam to diagnose the condition and tailor a treatment plan that might include: laser therapy, vision therapy, and vitamin supplements. Call us today at (910) 484-2284 for more information or to schedule an appointment with our eye doctor.

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