Corneal Dystrophies

The cornea is a critical part of your eyes. However, it is susceptible to various types of conditions that range from dry eye to dystrophies. Such issues can contribute to discomfort, pain and interfere with your vision ability. Fortunately, at Cape Fear Eye Associates, PA, we provide solutions to correct such health issues. We serve Fayetteville and the surrounding areas. In this case, we have provided you with an overview of the corneal dystrophies.

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What Is Corneal Dystrophy?

It is defined as an inherited condition that affects the cornea. Most of the corneal dystrophies are progressive, meaning that they worsen with time. Others can cause pain or vision loss without any symptoms. The only way you can know that you have corneal dystrophy is by having a comprehensive eye exam at our practice. Our eye doctors will examine your eyes for any signs of this condition. At Cape Fear Eye Associates, PA, we help in the treatment of various types of corneal dystrophies, including:

Keratoconus

It makes the lower and middle parts of the cornea attenuate over an extended period. Although a normal cornea tends to have a rounded shape, your eye can bulge outwards if you have keratoconus, making it to be cone-shaped. Such changes can contribute to vision issues. Common symptoms of keratoconus include:

  • Sensitivity to light
  • Astigmatism
  • Nearsightedness
  • Blurry vision
  • Double vision
  • Itchy eyes

We usually correct patients' vision issues with keratoconus by providing them with special contact lenses, soft contact lenses, and glasses that alter the shape of their cornea. Our eye doctors can also recommend a corneal cross-linking procedure that can help in strengthening your cornea. However, if the condition contributes to the cornea's severe scarring or you have issues with wearing contact lenses, we can conduct corneal transport for you.

Fuchs' Dystrophy

Fuchs' dystrophy makes the endothelial cells of the corneal stop functioning. Once such cells stop working, your cornea gets thicker and swells. 

Common symptoms include:

  • Sensitivity to light
  • Cloudy corneas
  • Halos and glare make it difficult for you to see clearly in low light or at night.
  • Blurred vision worsens in the morning and becomes better during the day.

The most treatment for Fuchs' dystrophy that we offer at Cape Fear Eye Associates includes special contact lenses, ointment, and eye drops, which help reduce corneal swelling.

Lattice Dystrophy

This condition contributes to the build-up of substances in the cornea in a grid or lattice pattern. It causes vision issues and corneal erosion. 

Symptoms of this condition include:

  • Watery eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurred vision
  • Eye pain
  • You will feel like there is a substance embedded in your eye.

The most common treatment that we use includes specialty contact lenses, eye patches, ointments, and eye drops to stop your eyelids' rubbing against the cornea. In case your condition is severe, our eye doctors can conduct corneal transplants or laser eye surgery.

Contact Our Eye Care Professionals for Quality Vision Care in Fayetteville

If you have issues that have affected your cornea, you can contact our team at Cape Fear Eye Associates, PA, for effective services to patients in Fayetteville and the surrounding environments. Our team is committed to providing the eye care you need. You can call us at (910) 484 2284 to schedule an appointment or ask any questions that you have. 

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